Work culture in India – The AARAM culture
Work is not intrinsically valued in India. There exists a work culture of AARAM which means rest and relaxation without being preceded by hard and exhausting work. It is not infrequent to find a large number of people sitting and doing nothing. Even those who are employed often come late and leave early unless they are forced to be punctual. People relish chatting at the expense of work. Indian work force is marked by clumsy action and reaction, indifferent attitude and lack of consideration for others.
Indian’s perform work as a favour to others. Work is believed to exhaust the person by draining out his energy which he believes is precious little. Hence, he tends to conserve this energy and prefers to spend it only in return of some favour or tangible gain.
Work as a concept of culture has not been internalized in Indian organisations. There is very little concern for timeliness, cost, and quality which are the central features of any western organisation.
Indians are very high on power needs. That’s why, most of us aspire to become an IAS or an IPS or at least acquire some government job. Poverty induces a feeling of insecurity and scarcity. Even those who are not poor live under fear of poverty. Resulting poverty syndrome leads to the need for power which is expressed through accumulation of wealth, status and position.
Indians have lived in water tight compartmentalised caste system so long that it has become a sociological variable for occupational role allocation. It has turned into a world view. By enlarge, Indian social structure is based on the culture of superior- subordinate relationship, with clear allocation of duties across boundaries. In such circumstances, it is difficult to imagine that democratic leadership will emerge.