Types of Schizophrenia
The main types of schizophrenia categorised as following –
- Disorganized Type
- Undifferentiated Type
- Residual Type
Undifferentiated Type – Symptoms
It is something of a waste basket category. A person diagnosed meets the usual criteria of schizophrenia including hallucinations, delusions, disordered thoughts and bizarre behavior, but does not fit into any commonly observed are the indications of perplexity, confusion, emotional turmoil, delusions of reference, excitement, depression, dream like dissociation, fear and panic. Most often this picture is seen in the patients who are in the process of becoming schizophrenics. This disorder is also seen major changes are occurring in the adjusted demands impinging on a person with already established schizophrenic symptoms.
Undifferentiated Disorder frequently force shadows in such cases an impending change from one primary type to another sub type.
Paranoid Schizophrenia –
Symptom picture is dominated by absurd, illogical and changeable delusions, frequently accompanied by vivid hallucinates with resulting impairment of critical judgment and erratic unpredictable and occasionally dangerous behavior. In chronic cases there is less disorganized behavior and there is less extreme withdrawal from social interaction.
Catatonic Schizophrenia –
Characterized by alternating periods of extreme withdrawal and excitement although in most cases one or the other reaction predominates. In withdrawal reaction, there is sudden loss of all animation and the tendency to remain motionless for hours and days in a stereotyped position. The clinical picture may undergo abrupt change with the excitement coming on. The individual suddenly begins to shout incoherently, take rapidly, pace rapidly and may display variety uninhibited impulsive behavior.
Disorganized Schizophrenia –
It usually occurs at an earlier age then most other types of schizophrenia and it represents a more severe disintegration of personality. Emotional blunting and distortions are manifested in an inappropriate laughter peculiar mannerisms and bizarre and often obscene behavior. Hallucinations particularly auditory are common. In occasional cases the patient can become aggressive and hostile. Incoherent speech, emotional outbursts and silly behavior are also characteristics.
Residual Schizophrenia –
Mild indication of schizophrenia shown by individuals in remission following a schizophrenic episode.
Schizophrenia Type Disorder –
Finds no mention in DSM IV. It is applied to individuals who show symptoms of both schizophrenics and serious affective disorders.