The strategy for success
Human beings and for that matter, all the organisms have an inbuilt tendency to work towards success. This behaviour related to the propensity to strive for success against some standards of excellence is known as the achievement motivation.
Motivation is the energiser of behaviour. This is the degree to which, the individual sets high standard of excellence and tries to achieve them.
Achievement oriented people like to work for the tasks that are challenging and on which performance can be measured/evaluated either by comparing with other’s performance or in terms of other standards/benchmarks. Achievement motivation can be seen in operation in many areas of human endeavour like work place/job, school, sports activity etc.
There are two basic strategies adapted by individuals in there strive for success.
- The motive to achieve success.
- The motive to avoid failure.
Most people are motivated to succeed at a particular task they undertake, but at the same time, they are also worried about the consequences of failure. Hence, they sometimes adopt the escapist tendency to protect themselves from the shame of failure. The final achievement motivation is the outcome of the conflict between the tendency to approach success and the tendency to avoid failure. However, this is evident that people with high achievement motivation have low fear of failure.
People with high achievement motivation are not gamblers. They prefer to work on moderately challenging tasks in which, they have some degree of control over the situations. They are open to interactions and readily use participative method. When a person with high achievement motivation get success, they slightly raise their level of aspiration in a realistic way, so that they will move on to more challenging and difficult tasks.
Following are the main characteristic of people with high achievement motivation;
- achievement is more important than material or financial reward.
- achieving the aim or task gives greater personal satisfaction than receiving praise or recognition.
- financial reward is regarded as a measurement of success, not an end in itself.
- security is not prime motivator, nor is status.
- feedback is essential, because it enables measurement of success, not for reasons of praise or recognition (the implication here is that feedback must be reliable, quantifiable and factual).
- achievement-motivated people constantly seek improvements and ways of doing things better.
- achievement-motivated people will logically favor jobs and responsibilities that naturally satisfy their needs, i.e. offer flexibility and opportunity to set and achieve goals, eg., sales and business management, and entrepreneurial roles.
This mentality for success is a social motive and is largely learnt early in life. The reason for difference between two individuals in this regard is because of the dis-similar childhood experiences. Children acquire many characteristics through observation learning. Children whose parents expected independent accomplishment at an early age and gave more frequent and stronger rewards for those accomplishment, mature into highly motivated individuals. Such parents encourage their children to be self reliant at an early age. Limited restrictions are place on them. Although, such parents are loving and caring, but not nurturant or indulgent. Most of the people with high achievement motivation belong to small families with medium socio-economic status.
This killer instinct is the one which has its roots in the child rearing practice and affects the entire future course of life. So, this is the part of parents to provide such environment that their future generations are not hesitant to fearlessly explore the arena and emerge victorious.