At the direction of the court a person convicted of certain crimes may have his sentence suspended. Instead of being sent to prison he is released on probation. The purpose of probation is to treat and supervise “good risk” offenders in the community. It is a form of rehabilitation without imprisonment.
While on probation the convicted person is under the jurisdiction of the court, if he violates the condition of probation or commit new offences, the court may revoke probation and proceed with execution of the prison sentence. However if the probationer makes a good record over a reasonable period of time the court my grant a discharge that usually frees the convicted person from jurisdiction.
Other Innovative Approaches towards Rehabilitation
A number of other innovative approaches in dealing with criminal offenders have also been suggested and some have been tried on a limited basis. Among these have been study and work fur-laughs, sexual integration of family and institutional rehabilitation programs.
Although imprisonment means different things to different people, it tends in general to be degrading, as well might create serious problems that may lead to homosexual behavior – particularly since about 50% of the prisoners are under 25 years of age. And where the prisoner married and has a family, his imprisonment places a tremendous burden on his spouse and children. To help counteract this problem prisons of India, Mexico and Sweden and now number of other countries allow conjugal visits. Now provisions are being made to allow for the overnight visits and even a temporary stay of women particularly wife (in case of married prisoner) and friends of prisoners.
Other innovative approaches of rehabilitation range from transcendental meditation through behaviors therapy techniques, to the use of drugs and other medical measures, for the prisoners who have brain abnormalities, that apparently make them prone to anger and impulsive violence. However, the treatment and rehabilitation offenders by medical and psychological procedures has become a matter of considerable controversy.