We see people distorted through the lenses of our desires, needs and past experiences. It is so immature that we get easily convinced about the truth of our perception despite the inaccurate and incomplete way our brain thinks. Such perceptual anomaly could result into the wrong behavior and would consequently receive the same form the other party. Misperception would result into loss of harmony and peace. Wars have been fought as a result of minor misperception, the typical example being the conflict in Vietnam.
The wrong perception bears immense potential of destructiveness. Even you spend your whole life with someone explaining your viewpoint, at the end you will find yourself chasing your own shadow. Those who believe and act on faulty perception seldom change.
In Fact, our brain is programmed more to derive the particular flow of pattern which it has seen and been programmed for long. Relations and behaviors are stereotyped which the brain seldom prefers to change. You develop a wrong perception about someone because you are apprehensive that the person bears wrong perception about yourself. This faulty reading creates a whole range of wrong perception and resulting behavior, thus causing problems in your relationships.
Just try to see the other’s view point rationally. You would be surprised to find that their perception about you is not near to what you preconceived. Start acknowledging that the whole process of perception is very faulty and don’t get adamant that your perception is always right.
There lie certain specific factors which affect the individual’s correct perception.
- Bandwagon effect- Tendency to believe certain things because of plurality of event or belief
- Bias Blind Spot- Tendency to see oneself as less biased
- Conservatism- Incapability to revise one’s belief in view of fresh light
- Focusing effect- Tendency to put too much emphasis on one aspect leaving others
- Hindsight bias- Tendency to say, ‘ I knew it all along’
- Ostrich effect- Ignoring an obvious conclusion despite knowing
- Pareidolia- A random word or image is given a meaning, which is usually negative.
- Semmelweis effect- Tendency to ignore new evidences
- Zeigarnik effect- Incomplete tasks are better remembered that complete ones
- Tip of the tongue effect- When fact are partly remembered, the individual fills the rest of the facts by his own, ususally giving a negative tone