Electro Convulsive Therapy and Psychotherapy for Mood Disorders
Electro Convulsive Therapy (ECT) can be used in the cases of severe depression. Though the precautions now being taken have eliminated most of the side effects of electro convulsive therapy however memory disorientation and loss are still common. Therefore its use is recommended only when other options of intervention are closed. ECT is also an effective treatment for acute mania but it is prescribed for the patients who do not respond to lithium therapy. Light Therapy has also been found to be useful in the treatment of seasonal depression.
Psychotherapy for Mood Disorders –
Although drugs are an important aspect of treatment for mood disorders, especially for severe depression and bipolar disorder medication alone does not address the social, emotional or personality factors that may also underlie patient’s problems. Therefore psychotherapy that emphasizes psycho dynamic behavioral cognitive or interpersonal approach is also used to treat adults with mood disorders. Most psychotherapy focus on depressive disorders, but several have been applied to the depressive aspects of bipolar disorder as well.
Among the psychodynamic approaches time limited dynamic psychotherapy, short term dynamic psychotherapy and supportive expressive therapy are the methods that take less time and are effective in the treatment of depression compared to traditional psychotherapy.
Among cognitive behavioral approaches, Beck’s Cognitive Therapy is particularly useful for depression treatment.
Interpersonal therapy is also effective in treatment of Mood Disorders.