Is Drug therapy effective in Mood Disorders?
Drugs in Mood Disorders:
During the last decade clinicians have made significant progress in developing both biological and psychological treatments for mood disorders.
Drug Treatment for Depressive Disorders –
Drugs have been used to treat depressive disorders for over three decades, with considerable effectiveness. Various studies suggest that 60 to 70% of depressed adults are helped by antidepressant mediations (Anderson & Black 1991; Richelson 1993). Typically, antidepressants bring about various therapeutic effects, including brightened mood, improved sleep and increased energy.
Drug Treatments for Bipolar Disorder –
Because an acute manic episode can be so severe, hospitalization and drugs often required to bring the symptoms under control. Since the 1970s the primary drug treatment for acute manic episodes has been lithium carbonate, commonly known as Lithium.
Recent years have seen increased use of the anticonvulsant carbamazepine to treat mania because it has fewer side effects and can be used for long periods with patients who respond poorly to lithium (Post 1990, 1993).