Democratic vs authoritarian leadership in corporates
Leadership Democratic vs Authoritarian
The previous post ‘’ Similarities in military and corporate world’’ by Brigadier R.K.Sharma made me think overnight about the relevance of the two leadership styles in modern corporate world. First thing I found that forces have leader while corporate have managers. Leader does right things while a manager does things right. A leader innovates while a manager administers.
An authoritarian leadership is characterized by the presence of a central authority in which there is little or no say of the followers in the process of decision making. An authoritarian leader is antidemocratic and rigid. They take quick decisions and work in groups that practice one-man rule. Such leaders generate hostility on one hand and extreme dependence on the other. Leaders like Hitler are the typical instances of this type.
Democratic leadership is found in organization that believes in openness and trust and most importantly, collective decision-making. Democratic leaders are sober, steady and don’t hesitate submitting themselves to public demands and opinions. They don’t hesitate to create checks on their own power so that, they themselves or their successors are prevented from becoming autocratic. As democratic leaders provide opportunity to every member to participate in the decision making process, they are more popular and in general, create greater work satisfaction among subordinates.
Authoritarian style is more effective under emergency situations or in a case where the followers have high dependency motivation and want to avoid taking responsibility. Its also beneficial when the subordinates are emotionally insecure and have poor confidence level.
Democratic style is effective when the followers are educated, participative and don’t like to be excessively controlled. The followers should be self motivated, self controlled, productivity conscious, and are keen to grow.
Depending upon the circumstances, either style could prove productive. Choosing the right one should be preceded by minute research about the project, manpower and the goal.